South Africa - Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and sf6 gas

In 2007, other greenhouse gas emissions for South Africa was 14,234.4 thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent. Though South Africa other greenhouse gas emissions fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1982 - 2007 period ending at 14,234.4 thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2007. Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbonsGet price

Regulation of Air Pollution: South Africa

I. IntroductionII. National Environmental Management: Air Quality ActIII. Fuel Emission StandardsIV. Carbon Tax BillSouth Africa’s GHG emissions are among the highest in the world and its absolute carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rank among the top twenty countries, “with emissions per capita in the region of 10 metric tons per annum.”The 2011 National Climate Change White Paper described this challenge as follows: South Africa has national and international legal obligation to reduce its emissions. The Bill of Rights section of the South African Constitution includes an environment clause, which states that South Africa is party to a number of multinational environmental agreements. These include the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which South Africa ratified in 1997; the Kyoto Protocol, which South Africa ratified in 2002; and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, ratified by South Africa in 2016.In the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, South Africa committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 34% below its current levels (see below) by 2020 and 42% below c...Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf 6 are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.Get price

Overview of Air Quality and Emission Standards in South Africa

Overview of Air Quality and Emission Standards in South Africa Mercury Emissions Inventory Workshop 19 August 2011 . Presented by: Heinrich Wingrove . Control Environmental Officer Grade: A . Air Quality MonitoringGet price

South Africa aims to reach net zero emissions in 2050 - while

Sep 16, 2020 · South Africa aims to reach net zero emissions in 2050 – while still burning coal Published on 16/09/2020, 5:01pm In a low emissions strategy, South Africa flagged an aspiration to become a net zero economy by 2050, but its energy plan foresees a continued role for coalGet price

Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · These practices have been developed, tested, and shared over the past decade by participants in EPASF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems. The SF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems is an innovative voluntary program developed jointly by the EPA and the electric power industry to improve equipment reliability while reducing emissions of SF 6, a potent greenhouse gas that remains in the atmosphere for thousands of years.Get price

South Africa’s GHG Emissions Data Lacks Consistency and

Jun 06, 2019 · South Africa’s GHG emissions are 1.1 percent of the global emissions, while the country’s share of global GDP is only 0.6 percent. The latest National Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory 2000 to 2012 shows that South Africa’s total emissions increased from approximately 434 Mt CO2e in 2000 to 518 Mt CO2e in 2012.Get price

National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act

(a) its holding company or corporation or legal entity, registered in South Africa in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of South Africa; (b) all its subsidiaries and legally held operations, including joint ventures and partnerships where it has a controlling interest, or is nominated as the responsibleGet price

Mitigation of GHG emissions now an obligation for South

Oct 16, 2017 · Silvana Claassen, CES South Africa. Following the promulgation of the National Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulations during April this year, the National Pollution Prevention Plans Regulations were announced in the Government Gazette 40996 on 21 July together with the Declaration of Greenhouse Gases as Priority Air Pollutants.Get price

Infrared Gas Detection Sensors IR Serie

May 01, 2015 · N.E.T.IR series of infrared gas detection sensors use the technique of NDIR (Non Dispersive Infrared) to monitor the presence of Sulfr hexafluoride or refrigerants.This technique is based on the fact that the gas has an unique and well defined light absorption curve in the infrared spectrum that can be used to identify the specific gas.Get price

Final Draft Report Emissions intensity benchmarks for South

South Africa has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 34% by 2020 and 42% by 2025 below business as usual. To achieve these GHG emission reductions, South Africa is looking at adopting a mix of policy instruments. One of these instruments is a Carbon Tax policy as outlined in May 2013 by South Africa’s National Treasury.Get price

Government Gaette Staatskoerant

(a) its holding company or corporation or legal entity, registered in South Africa in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of South Africa; (b) all its subsidiaries and legally held operations, including joint ventures and partnerships where it has a controlling interest, or is nominated as the responsibleGet price

SOUTH AFRICA GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) EMISSIONS (INCL. FORESTRY

SOUTH AFRICA Country Facts 2018 Source: CAT 2018 Based on implemented policies, South Africa’s GHG emissions are expected to increase to 658 MtCO 2e by 2030 (excl. forestry). This emission pathway is not compatible with the Paris Agreement.1 The less ambitious end of South Africa’s NDC is not consistent with the ParisGet price

HUA OT IX SOUTH AFRICA - Climate Transparency

In 2012, effective carbon rates in South Africa consisted entirely of specific taxes on energy use. South Africa did not have an explicit carbon tax or an emissions trading system. South Africa priced 55% of carbon emissions from energy use, and 11% were priced above € 30/tCO 2 (~US$ 37).17 4.3 US$/tCO 2 Source: OECD, 2016 EFFECTIVE CARBONGet price

Chapter 10 Air quality - environment.gov.za

In South Africa, outdoor and indoor air pollution continues to be perceived as a serious problem, with emissions for . sulphur dioxide, particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ozone, benzene and VOCs, and the corresponding concentrations a cause of concern. Air quality in various areasGet price

A BULK MODEL OF EMISSIONS FROM SOUTH AFRICAN DIESEL

A number of initiatives have resulted from concerns about air quality in South Africa most notable perhaps being the Brown Haze Study and the Vehicle Emissions Project (VEP) (19,26,30) commissioned by the Department of Minerals and Energy and the Department of Environment and Tourism. The VEP consisted of Five Phases as follows:Get price

sf 6 Leak Detection wika

The 3-033-R501 SF 6 Gas Leak Detector raises the industry benchmark for portable SF 6 gas leak detection. It is capable of detecting emissions as small as 0.3 oz/yr in less than one second! The SF 6 Gas Leak Detector can be used to locate and quantify gas leaks, log them, and then total them in a leak group system.Get price

Considerations for revising the Draft National Greenhouse Gas

greenhouse gas emissions in South Africa. Emissions are easier to track over time if they are tied to physical sources, rather than corporate entities that can change over time.7 In addition, facility-level data would be necessary to implement cap-and-trade program and other similar regulatory initiatives.8 3. Specific Greenhouse Gases Covered a.Get price

EMISSION DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 2050 - UNFCCC

through limiting the growth in global GHG emissions, with South Africa contributing its fair share to emission reductions, there will be other implications for the country. As one of the top 20 global emitters, with a high dependency on fossil fuels, substantial emission cuts will be required. The rapid transition that will be requiredGet price

Greenhouse gas - Wikipedia

The peak of the thermal IR emission from Earthsurface is very close to a strong vibrational absorption band of CO 2 ( wavelength 15 microns, or wavenumber 667 cm −1 ). On the other hand, the single CO vibrational band only absorbs IR at much shorter wavelengths (4.7 microns, or 2145 cm −1 ), where the emission of radiant energy fromGet price

South Africa Emission Reduction Challenges - Climate Scorecard

South Africa faces many challenges when it comes to reducing its GHG emissions. The most challenging remains it’s largely energy dependent economy. The South African economy is dependent on coal for 93% of its electricity generation, an energy-intensive industrial sector, and an energy sector responsible for 82% of total GHG emission (DEA, 2014).Get price

Emissions from coal-fired utilities in South Africa and

Power generation in South Africa IEA Clean Coal Centre – Emissions from coal-fired utilities in South Africa and neighbouring countries and potential for reduction 10 2 Power generation in South Africa In 1994 only 36% of the country had access to electricity. By 2014, this figure had reached 84%, largely due to low cost electricity from coal.Get price

IR Camera Detects Sulfur Hexafluoride (gaz sf6) | New Equipment

Sulfr hexafluoride, although considered to be an excellent dielectric gas, has been targeted for emissions reductions by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency because pound for pound, Sulfur Hexafluoride contributes more to the greenhouse effect than any other gas. In fact, one pound of sf6 gas has the same global warming impact of 11 tons of CO2.Get price

Gas Detection Cameras | FLIR Industrial | FLIR Systems

sf6 gas Optical Gas Imaging Camera The FLIR GF306 optical gas imaging camera visualizes sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) and other gas emissions without the need to shut down operations. gaz sf6 is used in the electric power industry as an insulator and quenching medium for gas-insulated substations and circuit breakers.Get price

Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from South Africa

Sep 26, 2012 · South Africa is the 13th largest emitting country based on 2008 fossil-fuel CO 2 emissions and the largest emitting country on the continent of Africa. With a domestic economy powered by coal, South Africa has experienced a seven-fold increase in fossil-fuel CO 2 emissions since 1950, with 80-90% of emissions from coal.Get price

South Africanew passenger vehicle CO2 emission standards

In 2015, the average CO 2 emissions of new passenger cars in South Africa was 148 gCO 2 /km, tested under the NEDC test cycle. The equivalent metric in terms of fuel consumption is 6.3 L/100 km. A comparison of South Africa’s passenger car fleet with the European fleet shows that, on average, the SA passenger vehicle emits 21% more CO 2 than the average European passenger car, rated at 121 gCO 2 /km for the same year.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Southern Africa

Aug 18, 2016 · November 2015 Energy: Changes in the region’s energy sector GHG emissions are driven by South Africa’s and Angola’s high energy emissions. With 95% of Africa’s total coal reserves but limited oil and natural gas, South Africa meets most of its energyGet price

SOUTH AFRICA’S NEW PASSENGER VEHICLE CO EMISSION STANDARDS: 2

SOUTH AFRICA’S NEW PASSENGER VEHICLE CO 2 EMISSION STANDARDS 1. VEHICLE MARKET OVERVIEW South Africa is the largest new passenger vehicle (PV) market on the African continent and is the 18th largest market globally (Figure 1-1). In calendar year 2015, a total of 412,670 new passenger vehicles were sold in the country. Between 2010 and 2015, newGet price

Medium Voltage Products | ABB

ABB is writing the future of sustainable energy distribution by extending its insulating gas-free medium-voltage (MV) switchgear portfolio. Having developed a new load break switch, ABB is partnering with multinational energy company Enel to bring technology to the market that is considerably better for the environment.Get price

SOUTH AFRICA READIES FOR IMO 2020 SHIP EMISSION LAWS – SAMSA

Jun 04, 2019 · Revised regulations for the prevention of air pollution from ships under the MARPOL (Annexture 6) were adopted in October 2008 and ratified by more than 65 countries including South Africa. In terms of this, a ll sizes of ships sailing on the world’s oceans will need to use fuel oil that meets the 0.50% limit from 1 January 2020.Get price